Martes 20 de Febrero, 2018

El balance energético

Manuel Sanabria, nutricionista18 de abril, 2017 | 05:06 AM

El balance energético es un término que hace alusión al equilibrio que se debe de mantener entre lo que se consume por medio de los alimentos y bebidas, y lo que se gasta con las diversas actividades que se realizan diariamente, como por ejemplo caminar, trabajar, estudiar, entre otras. Es decir, las personas deberían consumir únicamente las calorías necesarias para compensar el gasto energético que le implica su rutina diaria.

¿Y por qué es tan importante el balance energético? La razón es simple, un desbalance en esta relación de consumo versus gasto, puede poner a la persona en riesgo de salud, favoreciendo estados de malnutrición como lo son el sobrepeso o la desnutrición.

Se dice que una persona tiene un balance energético positivo cuando consume más calorías de las que gasta, y esto puede ser resultado por un consumo excesivo de alimentos, o un consumo de preparaciones con alto contenido de grasa y azúcar, o simplemente por llevar un estilo de vida muy sedentario. Esas calorías extra el cuerpo no las puede eliminar, por lo que busca almacenarlas de alguna forma, y lo hace principalmente en forma de grasa, lo que conlleva a que las personas aumenten el riesgo de entrar en un estado de sobrepeso u obesidad.

En el caso del balance energético negativo es lo contrario, la persona consume menos calorías de las que gasta, ya sea porque no come la cantidad de alimentos necesaria, o porque las preparaciones que consume no aportan las calorías que requiere, o porque realiza actividades diarias que demandan mucha cantidad de energía. En esta relación, es muy probable que la persona pierda peso, en cuyo caso puede ser riesgoso si la pérdida se mantiene por mucho tiempo, o si pierde mucho peso y lo hace rápidamente; ya que puede entrar en un estado de desnutrición, que comprometa su salud, su rendimiento laboral y académico, y su sistema inmune.

Lea: Crema de zanahoria y jengibre

Es importante aclarar que algunos casos es necesario alterar positiva o negativamente el balance energético, aunque dichas situaciones siempre deben ser vigiladas por profesionales en nutrición;  por ejemplo, se promueve balances positivos en personas que requieran aumentar de peso para alcanzar un estado nutricional óptimo, o que están en programas de aumento de masa muscular. Y se promueven balances negativos, en personas con sobrepeso u obesidad que requieren una pérdida de peso para mejorar su salud.

También es necesario aclarar que si bien se puede asociar el término de balance energético a un dicho popular que dice “que el peca y reza, empata”, esto no siempre es así; pues lo ideal sería que las personas distribuyan su ingesta de alimentos (calorías) a lo largo del día, para mantener un flujo constante de energía, pero si realizan una comida con muchas calorías, y no realizan una actividad física fuerte para compensar ese consumo en el corto plazo; mucha de esa energía se va a almacenar, y posteriormente resultará más difícil gastarla.

Como conclusión, se tiene que es importante mantener una actitud muy reflexiva sobre la alimentación y estilo de vida que se lleva; la cantidad y selección de los alimentos que se consumen, y el grado de actividad física que se realice, van a ser determinantes importantes sobre el estado nutricional actual. Comprender qué aspectos puedo modificar en mi vida sería la base fuerte hacia un estilo de vida más saludable.

Foto con fines ilustrativos

Lic. Manuel Antonio Sanabria Richmond
Nutricionista
Cód. 962-11
Correo: [email protected]
Teléfono: 8992-0111



Noticias relacionadas

VEA MÁS



Comentarios

COMENTAR

kkuan812330 (26/05/2017)

That is very interesting Smile I love reading and I Cipto Junaedy always searching for informative information like this Jadwal MotoGP 2015. This is exactly what I was looking for Cara Upload Video ke Youtube. If you just achieved it it may give you the option to unnecessary. Coach is popular because it's classic, and I like to have a classic brand. Thank you. A representative of West declined to comment, while one for Kardashian didn t return phone calls and e mails. These designer knock offs are everywhere nowadays. Place them inside the Coach bag, evenly spaced away from each other. Well, they can't expect us to always buy designer, can they!?CELEBRITY SHOE WARS!THE SHOES: YSL Tribtoo pumps from Why mess with success? YSL's Tribtoo pumps have been popular with celebrity footwear fanatics for three seasons and counting, only this season they come with toe cap details (meaning it'd be rude not to buy a new pCoach, isn't that right Megan?)THE SHOE FANATICS: Megan Fox, Coleen Rooney, Miranda Kerr, Jennifer Hudson and Tulisa.Well heeled: Megan Fox's new YSL shoes have kick started a SHOE WAR! Who wins? You decideTHE SHOE: Chanel Black Patent Leather Cap Toe CC Logo Heels from 50Chanel's AW12 collection delighted the fash' pack in Paris earlier today see but before they bring Perspex heels firmly back into the fashion fold, you'd better update your shoe racks with Chanel toe caps.ZRN20170511

But coach outlet if you are buying and selling on the

coach outlet online

internet, coach factory outlet it is not very easy to tell a real coach factory outlet online deal. She wouldn't cheap jordans ! stop cheap jordans . wearing it and I was starting to mathis brothers get annoyed. 7. This is strictly for those who love to keep up with celebrities - any michael kors canada , celebrity woman ralph lauren clearance ! who's worth coachfactory.com . her salt christian louboutin louis benech owns a Coach bag coach factory outlet online if not michael kors factory outlet online a collection of coach purses outlet them. O The material of the Coach item is always of high quality. The Coach Designer cheap authentic jordans , Black Fashion jordans for sale , Clutch bag is michael kors uhren sale a timeless, classic coach outlet store online. handbag which will complement any michael kors handbags australia ! collection. There - michael kors outlet espana already 8 reasons cheap jordan shoes . why Coach is Simply official coach outlet online ! Great! It may be hard to coach outlet store online make the decision to spend all that money on a bag, michael kors australia but remember its got great qualities and also that you deserve to give yourself a treat that's worthy coach factory online . of you every coach factory outlet ! so often. The bag exists michael kors outlet uk . in two styles, one Kate Spade outlet online . made from beige and ebony air max 2017 GG wholesale jordans fabric with light brown leather trim, and the other crafted from straw with yellow leather trim. Time air max 95 homme , would be an investment here but from womens nike air max , here everything will fall in place and you coach outlet online , can christian louboutin louis benech be sure cheap real jordans , to get the real genuine Coach designer items.. michael kors australia

I'm recognizing coach factory online sale how amazing my body is for producing this new life Cheap Jordan Shoes and serving as her source of food. I'm noting the small victories. And michael kors handbags clearance . I know I'm still in the midst of adjusting. You will note louboutin femme . that

michael kors clearance

published growth coach online outlet is lower than organic growth, despite roughly 2% positive perimeter impact, stemming from the first time consolidation of Loro Piana. They're major players.. In fact, the coach outlet store online free shipping bags are

michael kors taschen sale

. so coveted that fertile counterfeiters michael kors handbags on sale clearance flood the market with fake Coach handbags, so that less than 1% of the coach purses cheap bags bought and sold are genuine Coach made.. Det r ett attraktivt konstverk deco typ av insiderinformation. Semesterfirare coach outlet online , kan mycket ltt att upptcka de svra michael kors outlet canada Rock Resort omrdet frn 230 norra staten Michigan metod. Denna speciella Anlggningen erbjuder 381 michael kors handbags clearance otroliga omrden nr det cheap jordans gller beskare att vlja mellan. The top michael kors canada outlet . handle is rounded

sports authority coupon

and made of leather which louboutin basket is comfortable coach factory outlet to use and coach factory outlet online stylish. Once they are usually honored this jordans for sale cheap . unique differentiation these are next permitted to make use of of which brand together with logo into their sales. All this Cheap Jordans 11 means

nike free run mens

that Cheap Kate Spade the underlying 1970s mood of his debut collection carries cheap jordans free shipping . through to spring (it is worth noting how every other house has followed suit this is the current era of choice)..

Ok, so now to make the tough decision on why you should spend $1000 or more (can be several hundred thousands) on max 2015 , a bag? Well, firstly, it knows your name! coach online outlet . Just mathisbrothersrepairs.com kidding. Other notable bags in this family include the likes of the Cruise Collection Coach cheap jordan shoes , 'Scarf' Bag, michael kors the michael kors outlet online Large Boston Bronze coachoutlet.com ! Coach nike air max 2017 'Joy' handbag, the Large Singoria Coach Tote handbag and the Coach Bag, among others. This

Kate Spade outlet

Coach Bag coach clearance is sports authority shoes , released as an important coach outlet online part of the louboutin basket femme . Cruise 2010 Collection and it ranks into our top 10 collection as well. The hardware on Beige Plus Red Coach Leather Handbag is made from a light tone of gold. I am quite a bit fan of fashionette michael kors , Coach bags, which I louboutin homme have been using for quite a michael kors uk . number of nike air max 90 mens years now. michael kors australia . The black canvas lining has a zippered pocket on one side. The detachable, leather, double shoulder straps offer the option of carrying the bag over the shoulder or coach factory online sale by

coach purses on clearance

. hand.

But of all the Coach handbags cheap real jordans , that I nike air max 2015 mens . have had the chance to make use of, it is the polo outlet online ! The Coach Scarf Tote Bag that I coachoutletonline have been most thoroughly enchanted with.. A woman needs to make sure that all of jordans for sale , her daily coach outlet store online essentials

bolsos michael kors outlet

are going to fit inside her bag. This cheapest jordans . stylish handbag is the updated version of an earlier, very popular, Coach handbag design. Hollywood celebrities like Grace Kelly and Jackie O were the ones who michael kors schal made the brand popular and well-known by introducing it into Hollywood. Here, we are looking at a whopping 43 centimeters in height, some 41 centimeters in christian louboutin louis benech width, and some 10 centimeters in depth, michael kors outlet , clearly more space michael kors outlet . than most handbag user's can ever find boxhead . usage for. The brand Coach carries enormous value cheap real jordans and so one has to exercise caution while buying the coach outlet store online , bags lest they should land up buying the replicas. mens nike air max , They make the ability for the buyer cheap jordan shoes for men to find trademarks coach outlet online . easier. Coach has made its position strong in Europe.