Martes 19 de Setiembre, 2017

Conozca más sobre manchas o melasmas

20 de abril, 2017

Roimy D´eljesus Cedeño

[email protected]

¿Que es el melasma o mancha?

El melasma, también denominado cloasma o máscara del embarazo, es una patología cutánea que consiste en la aparición de manchas oscuras de color café (hipermelanosis) se localizada y se distribuye generalmente en zonas expuestas al sol (cara, escote).

¿Cuál es la causa?

La causa es desconocida, pero existen múltiples factores que pueden estar implicados en su desarrollo:

• Predisposición genética
• Exposición a la luz ultravioleta y solar
• Factores hormonales: anticonceptivos (niveles de estrógenos), embarazo (niveles de progesterona)
• Posibles factores cosméticos, causando algún proceso irritativo o alérgico
• Fármacos

En muchos casos, pueden coincidir diversos factores, que hacen que se mantenga el proceso. Pueden desaparecer durante el invierno y reaparecer en verano después de una exposición solar.
En algunos casos se presenta con el inicio de un tratamiento anticonceptivo o durante el embarazo. En un 50 % de las mujeres no se demuestra ningún desencadenante claro (excepto el sol).

¿Qué zona es mas afectada por las manchas?

• Centrofacial (el más frecuente- aproximadamente 66 % ) – frente, nariz, mentón, zona supralabial y la parte central de las mejillas

• Malar (aprox. 20 %)- mejillas y nariz

Lea: ¿Caída del cabello?

• Mandibular (aproximadamente 15 %) – área mandibular

¿Cuánto dura?

Es variable, aunque suele durar años, con aumentos de coloración durante los meses de exposición solar (verano). Los tratamientos utilizados intentan reducir o paliar las lesiones.

¿Cómo se trata?

El tratamiento se basa en realizar un blanqueamiento en las zonas afectadas, aunque hay una importante tendencia a que vuelvan aparecer. Suelen ser tratamientos a largo plazo.

Podemos tener en cuenta:

Prevención

• Evitar todo lo que sea posible la exposición directa al sol o a los sistemas lumínicos que inducen un aumento de las lesiones.
• Usar bloqueadores solares de alta protección (mínimo un FP 50), tanto en verano como en invierno
• Tratamientos: Fármacos y Tópicos, en el mercado hay una gran variedad de productos y tratamientos, deben acudir a un especialista para un diagnóstico y productos adecuados.

Puede buscar “Estética Khalessi” en Facebook.



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